// Hall of Fame 2014

“Gunung Bragging!” – The Hall of Fame List December 2014

Below is the fifth edition of the Hall of Fame (for end of 2014). A new edition of the list is published at the end of every year. Please contact us if you wish to be listed next year.
Links to previous years… Hall of Fame December 2013; Hall of Fame December 2012; Hall of Fame December 2011Hall of Fame December 2010

Ranking Name Nationality Year of Birth Number of Ribus Number of Spesials

1

Daniel Quinn

British 1981

63

31
Ribus Agung, Argopuro, Arjuno, Batukaru, Bawang, Besar (Halau Halau), Bukittunggul, Butak, Cikuray, Ciremai, Dempo, Ebulobo, Fatu Timau, Galunggung (Beuticanar), Gamalama, Gamkonora, Ili Boleng, Ili Labalekang, Ili Mandiri, Ili Ujolewung, Inerie, Jailolo, Karang, Keli Lepembusu, Kerinci, Kiematubu, Klabat, Lamongan (Tarub), Lawu, Liman, Marapi, Merapi, Merbabu, Moncong Lompobatang, Muria, Mutis, Pangrango, Penanggungan, Pesagi, Pesawaran (Ratai), Poco Ngandonalu, Rajabasa, Rantemario, Rinjani, Sago, Salak, Sawal, Semeru, Seulawah Agam, Sibuatan, Sinabung, Sindoro, Singgalang, Slamet, Sorikmarapi, Sumbing, Talakmau, Talang, Tambora, Tampomas, Tanggamus, Ungaran, Wanggameti
Spesials Anak Krakatau, Batur, Bawakaraeng, Bongkok, Bromo (Pananjakan), Burangrang, Dieng (Prau), Guntur (Masigit), Iya, Jantan, Kelam, Kelimutu (Inspiration Point), Kerenceng, Kinabalu (Low’s Peak), Malabar (Puncak Besar), Manglayang, Manado Tua, Mulu, Patuha, Poco Ranakah, Pulosari, Rakata, Raksa, Rakutak, Ramelau, Sangga Buana, Sebesi, Tangkuban Parahu, Telomoyo, Trusmadi, Wayang-Windu
Notes 2014 started well with an ascent of Gunung Ramelau, East Timor’s highest peak and an easy hike for first light, and a memorable stroll up Gunung Wanggameti on the island of Sumba. In February, my work contract ended in Jakarta and I made the decision to move back to the UK.I am now living near Stornoway, in the Western Isles of Scotland where there are many brilliant day-hikes to outstanding viewpoints over crag, loch, moorland, and ocean. In September I began an expedition to Malaysia and Indonesia (Sarawak and West Kalimantan, to be specific). This was kindly supported by the Royal Geographical Society (with IBG) with a Neville Shulman Challenge Award. Unfortunately, and despite beginning well in Gunung Mulu National Park, this expedition was not as successful as had been expected and was cut short. This was primarily due to severe budget issues after the unprecedented increase of several hundred percent in entry permit fees for non-Indonesians throughout Indonesia (and including all national parks such as marine parks). My budget was no longer able to cover the itinerary and, once back in the UK, I realised I had, to some degree, also lost the motivation to write about and publicize the wild areas of Indonesia during a time in which I, along with all foreigners not in possession of a KITAS, would be expected to pay a substantially higher entry fee simply for ‘being there’ as a non-Indonesian.After this disappointment I have been thoroughly enjoying hiking locally here in Scotland and I have no idea if or when a return to the mountains of Indonesia will occur for me personally.

2014 ended on a very sad note when it emerged that a keen Indonesian hiker and marine biologist, Pitra Widianwari, died of hypothermia on Gunung Binaiya, Maluku, in early December. I had hiked Gunung Wayang in West Java with him two years earlier and know that he will be sorely missed by not only his family and friends but the Indonesian hiking community as a whole.

Please take care on the mountains.

Now lots of near misses and failed attempts to reach the highest points, including some hilarious anecdotes which didn’t seem quite as funny at the time! -…. no trail to Papandayan (Malang) (08/2011), no trail to true peak on Parang (05/2011), vegetation on Ijen-Merapi (07/2010) too dense, too scared to climb to highest point of Egon (08/2010), no trail to highest peak of Salahutu (12/2010), guide failed to turn up for an ascent of Cyclops (01/2011) so the hike was aborted, got to the summit cliffs of Kelud (02/2011) but had no ropes, got to within stone’s throw of the highest, densely forested top of Samosir (05/2011), Raung crater rim only (07/2011), Sibayak crater area (08/2011), Pangulubao trig point only (08/2011), failed to find correct trail on Seminung (10/2012), there is no route to the true summit of Ringgit (12/2012), Karangetang simply far too active to hike (02/2013), the trail to Awu leading up the wrong side of the rim (02/13), a smoking Soputan preventing a summit attempt (02/2013), not enough time to hack through the bushes on Ambang (02/2013), despite Pak Subandi’s help, lack of time and a trail hindered summit attempts on Tujuh (04/2013), lazy guides meant we ran out of time on Doro Oromboha (06/2013), lack of trail on Pura (07/2013), columns of sulphurous smoke on the summit cone of Lewotolo (07/2013), cloudy conditions and lack of time to reach the absolute highest point of Lewotobi (07/2013), a trail which avoids the summit on Curunumbeng (07/2013), overgrown distant high point of Kaba with no apparent trail to it (08/2013), insufficient time to get to true summit of Ranai (09/2013), no trail to real summit of Pantaicermin (10/2013), insufficient time to reach true summit of Tondongkarambu, vertical cliffs on Bukit Jempol (11/2013) and local people preventing access to Matebean Mane (12/2013) due to it being ‘a bit windy up there’.

Ranking Name Nationality Year of Birth Number of Ribus Number of Spesials

2

Mykhailo Pavliuk

Ukrainian  1980

35

8
Ribus Arjuno, Batukaru, Bukittunggul, Cikuray, Ciremai, Dempo, Ebulobo, Ijen (Merapi), Inerie, Kerinci, Lawu, Liman, Masurai, Merbabu, Pangrango, Pesagi, Rajabasa, Rantemario, Raung, Rinjani, Sago, Salak, Semeru, Seulawah Agam, Sibuatan, Sinabung, Singgalang, Slamet, Soputan, Sorikmarapi, Sumbing, Talakmau, Talang, Tambora, Tanggamus
Spesials Batur, Bromo (Pananjakan), Kaba, Kelimutu (Inspiration Point), Kinabalu (Low’s Peak), Manglayang, Poco Ranakah, Seminung
Notes Mykhailo is now a keen and successful mountain marathon runner. He has to be one of the very few hikers to have ever hiked to Leuser and Loser alone. He has also climbed Bandahara and to Laut Tinggal but did not reach the summits.
Ranking Name Nationality Year of Birth Number of Ribus Number of Spesials

3

John Hargreaves

British

34

10
Ribus Agung, Arjuno, Batukaru, Bukittunggul, Butak, Cikuray, Ciremai, Dempo, Fatu Timau, Gamalama, Gamkonora, Jailolo, Karang, Kiematubu, Lawu, Muria, Mutis, Pangrango, Penanggungan, Rajabasa, Rantemario, Rinjani, Salak, Sawal, Semeru, Sinabung, Sindoro, Singgalang, Slamet, Sorikmarapi, Talakmau, Tampomas, Ungaran, Wanggameti
Spesials Anak Krakatau, Banda Api, Batur, Bongkok, Bromo (Pananjakan), Kaba, Kelimutu (Inspiration Point), Kinabalu (Low’s Peak), Lokon, Sangga Buana
Notes Three dry season ascents of Central Java ribus Muria, Ungaran and Sindoro with family along too were among the most satisfying hikes of my time in Indonesia. Muria is especially good for those new to hiking in Indonesia as it offers a well-trodden, relatively short ascent with a very rewarding summit. Wanggameti, Sumba’s only ribu, was another highlight this year, offering terrain, vegetation and a cultural environment very different from the rest of Indonesia.” Other notes : also climbed to Sibayak crater (December 2011).
Ranking Name Nationality Year of Birth Number of Ribus Number of Spesials

4

Heinz von Holzen

Swiss

30

5
Ribus Agung, Argopuro, Arjuno, Batukaru, Butak, Cikuray, Ciremai, Dempo, Ebulobo, Galunggung (Beuticanar), Ijen-Merapi, Ili Boleng, Inerie, Kerinci, Kiematubu, Lawu, Merapi, Merbabu, Moncong Lompobatang, Muria, Pangrango, Penanggungan, Rantemario, Rinjani, Salak, Semeru, Sindoro, Slamet, Sumbing, Ungaran
Spesials Batur, Bromo (Pananjakan), Dieng (Prau), Kaba, Kelimutu (Inspiration Point)
Notes
This year in terms of hiking was for me a terrible year as I simply was too busy. Altogether I finished 4 more books which took up an expensive amount of work and time. Since I discovered the porters of Kawah Ijen I become very involved in finding ways to assist this brutally hard working people. As for Gunung no new ones were added to the list. The highlight was the 50th climb to the summit of Gunung Agung here on Bali. Then we did a a very muddy climb  up a hill in Sumba. The highlight this year was the Millford trek in NZ. Which I did together with my wife last month. With almost all my book project completed the new promises to become a year of many hills and I look forward to get started soon.”

Visited Kemiri, Raung, Tambora and Marapi but didn’t get to the true summits. Has climbed Agung 50 times! Got to within 300 metres of the summit of Papandayan (Malang) in October 2011. Also to Egon and Lewotobi rims in 2013 but “any step further and we would have been cooked.”

Ranking Name Nationality Year of Birth Number of Ribus Number of Spesials

5

Hendri Agustin

Indonesian

29

10
Ribus Agung, Argopuro, Arjuno, Binaiya, Bukit Raya, Cikuray, Ciremai, Dempo, Kerinci, Klabat, Lawu, Merapi, Merbabu, Moncong Lompobattang, Pangrango, Rantemario, Rinjani, Salak, Semeru, Sinabung, Sindoro, Singgalang, Slamet, Sumbing, Talakmau, Talang, Tambora, Tampomas, Ungaran
Spesials Anak Krakatau, Bawakaraeng, Burangrang, Bromo (Pananjakan), Guntur (Masigit), Kinabalu (Low’s Peak), Manglayang, Patuha, Pulosari, Rakutak
Notes No news for 2014.
Ranking Name Nationality Year of Birth Number of Ribus Number of Spesials

6

Andy Dean

British 1977

27

3
Ribus Agung, Cikuray, Ciremai, Dempo, Ebulobo, Fatu Timau, Gamalama, Inerie, Karang, Keli Lepembusu, Kerinci, Kiematubu, Klabat, Lawu, Merbabu, Mutis, Palung (Ponti), Pangrango, Penanggungan, Rinjani, Sago, Salak, Semeru, Singgalang, Slamet, Tambora, Tampomas
Spesials Bromo (Pananjakan), Kelimutu (Inspiration Point), Lokon
Notes No major summits in 2014, but I did complete the famous Rockwall Trail in the Canadian Rockies – a four day one way backpack trip.  I also ran two marathons.”
Notable attempts: Pangulubao trig point (02/2010), Butak, Papandayan, Anak Krakatau, Raung rim (07/2011).
Ranking Name Nationality Year of Birth Number of Ribus Number of Spesials

7

Gill Dean

British 1977

25

3
Ribus Agung, Cikuray, Dempo, Ebulobo, Fatu Timau, Gamalama, Inerie, Keli Lepembusu, Kerinci, Kiematubu, Klabat, Lawu, Merbabu, Mutis, Palung (Ponti), Pangrango, Penanggungan, Rinjani, Sago, Salak, Semeru, Singgalang, Slamet, Tambora, Tampomas
Spesials Bromo (Pananjakan), Kelimutu (Inspiration Point), Lokon
Notes Notable attempts: Pangulubao trig point (02/2010), Butak, Papandayan, Anak Krakatau, Raung rim (07/2011). No news for 2014.
Ranking Name Nationality Year of Birth Number of Ribus Number of Spesials

8

Jan Smeenk

Dutch  1945

23

12
Ribus Agung, Argopuro, Arjuno, Batukaru, Bukittunggul, Butak, Cikuray, Ciremai, Klabat, Lamongan (Tarub), Lawu, Liman, Merapi, Merbabu, Pangrango, Penanggungan, Rajabasa, Rinjani, Semeru, Sindoro, Slamet, Sumbing, Ungaran
Spesials Anak Krakatau, Banda Api, Batur, Bromo (Pananjakan), Burangrang, Dieng (Prau), Guntur (Masigit), Halimun (North), Kelimutu, Kelud, Patuha, Tangkuban Parahu
Notes Have also visited Papandayan crater, Egon crater rim (2009), Puncak Trikora area (2008), Lokon crater (2010) and Angkasan in the Leuser range (2010).
Ranking Name Nationality Year of Birth Number of Ribus Number of Spesials

9=

Roman Gerber

Swiss

23

4
Ribus Agung, Argopuro, Arjuno, Batukaru, Butak, Ciremai, Dempo, Ebulobo, Inerie, Kerinci, Lawu, Liman, Merapi, Merbabu, Moncong Lompobatang, Muria, Pangrango, Penanggungan, Rinjani, Semeru, Sindoro, Slamet, Sumbing
Spesials Batur, Bromo (Pananjakan), Kelimutu (Inspiration Point), Kinabalu (Low’s Peak)
Notes Visited Kemiri, Raung, Tambora, Ijen-Merapi and Marapi but didn’t get to the true summits. Has now climbed Agung 52 times!
Ranking Name Nationality Year of Birth Number of Ribus Number of Spesials

9=

Nicholas Hughes

Australian 1947

23

4
Ribus Argopuro (2010), Butak (2013), Ciremai (2013), Ebulobo (2014), Fatu Timau (2014), Galunggung (Beuticanar, 2010), Gamalama (2010/11), Gamkonora (2011), Ili Ujolewung (2013), Inerie (2014), Jailolo (2011), Keli Lepembusu (2014), Kerinci (2013), Kiematubu (2010/11), Klabat (2010), Lawu (2010), Leuser (Tanpa Nama, 2014), Merbabu (2010), Mutis (2014), Penanggungan (2013), Salak (2012), Semeru (2011), Tambora (2009)
Spesials Banda Api (2007), Bromo (1985), Dieng (Prau, 2014) Kelimutu (Inspiration Point, 1975/2009)
Notes Have also visited Anak Krakatau (2011), Batu Tara (oceanic volcano, 2010) and Manuk (oceanic volcano, 2007).I started climbing in Indonesia in the 1970s and returned to more serious trekking/climbing in 2009. To date, I have attempted some 45 Ribus of which 23 summitted, plus some eight Specials of which four summitted. Of these Specials, one very spectacular peak is not listed in Gunung Bagging, Leuser-Loser (3,407 m), over-looking the west coast of Aceh and the usual objective of trekkers in the Gunung Leuser National Park wilderness area – see Leuser (Tanpa Nama) for details. Another two Specials, of particular interest, are oceanic volcanoes: Manuk – attempted; and, Batu Tara – observed eruptions from a distance of some 400 ms aboard a Bugis prahu. Reasons for not reaching the summits of mountains can be grouped as follows:Prior to setting objective of ‘bagging’ summits: Agung (1976), Pangrango (1975), Slamet (2011), Sumbing (1973), Arjuno (2012), Dempo (2011)Dangerous/too difficult: Merapi (1975/2013), Raung (2011), Lewotolo (2013), Lokon (2010), Karangetang (2013)Summit possible but time limited: Ijen-Merapi (2013), Baluran (2012), Ibu (2011); Sirung (2013), Lewotobi-Perempuan (climbed Lewotobi-Laki2 instead, 2014), Pura (2013), Cyclops (1975), Arfak (Umsini, 2012), Awu (2013)Others: crossed the Jayawijaya Range east of the Baliem valley in Papua at 3,700 ms (X-Chain ?, 2009), Rantemario (sick, to Pos 5, 2009)
Ranking Name Nationality Year of Birth Number of Ribus Number of Spesials

11

Taufan

Indonesian 1970

23

2
Ribus Agung, Argopuro, Arjuno, Binaiya, Cikuray, Ciremai, Dempo, Kerinci, Lawu, Merapi, Merbabu, Pangrango, Rajabasa, Raung, Rinjani, Salak, Semeru, Sindoro, Slamet, Sumbing, Talakmau, Tambora, Ungaran
Spesials Bawakaraeng, Pulosari
Notes
“I haven’t climbed any new mountains the last 2 years…But I’ve been doing a lot of trail running and mountain running. I participated in one of the most brutal trail running event of Bromo Tengger Semeru 70K in November.”

Has also visited Marapi puncak Merpati (West Sumatra). Comments on his ascent to the true summit of Gunung Raung: “The true peak of Mount Raung is the special one, the trek is very challenging.  An extra effort and well planning is needed to reach the highest point, and climbers will meet all the expected challenges at that mountain. I must say this is the hardest trail in Java.”

Ranking Name Nationality Year of Birth Number of Ribus Number of Spesials

12

Wolfgang Piecha

German

20

5
Ribus Agung, Argopuro, Arjuno, Ciremai, Dempo, Egon, Gamalama, Ijen-Merapi, Kerinci, Lawu, Liman, Merapi, Merbabu, Pangrango, Rinjani, Semeru, Sindoro, Slamet, Sumbing, Tambora
Spesials Anak Krakatau, Batur, Bromo (Pananjakan), Kelimutu (Inspiration Point), Sebesi
Notes Has also visited the craters of Papandayan and Kelud

Why Have a Hall of Fame?

Although looking at lists of mountains like the Ribus is always secondary to the actual experience of being out there in the mountains – enjoying the fresh air, the scenery and the exercise – there is an undoubted pleasure in keeping track of the peaks you’ve visited. Unlike in several other countries where mountain climbing is equally – or more – popular, there has not to our knowledge been any attempt to create a record of people’s hiking achievements in Indonesia. The Ribus are based on objective criteria (i.e 1,000 metre prominence) and so we hope to utilise this to keep a record of people’s hiking achievements – if they want to be included. Given the immensity of the challenge of climbing all the Ribus (and the fact that nobody knew where they all were until now) it is pretty much impossible that anyone will have climbed all 226 of them! Indeed, we think that at present no single person has reached the top of more than about 50 Ribus, although it is probable that at least 100 peaks on the list are relatively accessible and have been climbed on at least several occasions. Perhaps 50 Ribus or more are visited by hikers on at least a weekly basis during the dry season.

Hall of Fame Criteria

If you have climbed 20 or more Ribus (excluding Spesial peaks) you can join the Gunung Bagging Hall of Fame. If you would like to be added, please contact us with a list of your bagged Ribus and Spesials, and including any “significant attempts” when you came close but failed to reach the absolute summit for some reason. There can be many reasons for failing to reach the summit:

  • Volcanic activity (or the weather) can make it too dangerous to reach the highest point. The trek to Merapi (Central Java) is an example of a relatively straightforward hike to the summit area of a volcano, but not to the summit itself (which was completely altered, in 2006 and most recently in the 2010 eruption). Hikers who visited the highest point prior to 2006 (Garuda’s Wing) can reasonably claim to have reached the summit if they managed to get their head above the highest point of the huge piece of rock. Between 2006 and 2010 however, the highest point was part of a new lava dome which was simply too dangerous and utterly irresponsible to visit. However, since the 2010 eruptions, the summit area is vastly different once again – with a new 400m wide crater.
  • Technical climbing skills are required. Gunung Raung (East Java), Puncak Trikora (Papua) and Egon (East Nusa Tenggara) require climbing ropes and/or intermediate rock-climbing skills in order to reach the highest point.
  • Dense vegetation / jungle / no trail. Some peaks are covered in dense vegetation. Occasionally, finding a route to the top can be very difficult, if not impossible. Trails become overgrown quickly and if tops are not visited for a number of years the vegetation can become so dense that there is no visible trail and/or the vegetation is just too dense to walk through. Papandayan and Galunggung (Beuticanar), both in West Java, are notable examples of overgrown trails. Marapi in West Sumatra is not baggable by any conventional route, although a handful of hikers have opened up a new trail which does reach the true summit. We hope this site will help encourage new hiking routes and the regeneration of old, forgotten trails.
  • Mystifying legal reasons. There are a number of peaks in Java (and elsewhere) officially closed to the general public. This a fairly recent problem – peaks which were often climbed in the past have been closed by Forestry or National Park authorities, mainly because they do not have sufficient resources to maintain a network of trails in the short-term even though in the long-term the amount of tourism revenue would probably be high if people knew of their existence. Annoyingly, waivers stating you are entirely responsible for your safety and behaviour (which you would be normally, anyway) are rarely granted except to scientists conducting research. It’s a lose-lose situation but in general Indonesian hikers don’t seem to mind and the media have bigger fish to fry. You can either enter the lengthy and expensive process of negotiation with authorities or just get on with it and try to climb them anyway.
  • Not knowing where the summit actually is. A less common and more humorous reason for not reaching the highest point will be simply that you didn’t know where the very top was, perhaps due to excessive vegetation or a very flat mountain top with several peaks of seemingly similar elevation. Even a guide might not actually know where the true summit is and they can even get you lost. Liman, Palung (Ponti) and Rajabasa fall into this category but we have tried to provide information on this site which specifies the likely highest point.

Of course, reaching the highest point is not the most important part of going for a hike and considering the dangers you may face it is occasionally unwise to attempt at all. However, we want to keep this list as stringent and professional as other mountain lists worldwide. For Gunung Bagging purposes, (and despite probable accusations of pedantry!) this means that if you haven’t reached the highest point then you can’t claim to have ‘bagged’ it. However, be sure to mention such attempts in your email to us so that other hikers know what to expect on tricky or particularly active peaks.

Known Difficult Peaks

Many of the Ribus and Spesials are very hard to conquer! This is due to a number of reasons. The highest point may be in dense vegetation with no path whatsoever, part of an active lava dome, on a knife-edged crater rim or ridge, in a tribal conflict area or require moderate rock climbing skills or a hike of two weeks or more! Here is an initial list of some of the trickier summits that we know about so far – please see individual mountain pages for more details. N.B. Most peaks in Kalimantan and Papua are likely to be very difficult. We hope to make updates as and when we have new information. We also hope to conduct expeditions to these summits if/when it is safe to do so.

Java:

  • Papandayan (Malang) – The true summit is in dense vegetation and there would appear to be no trail there at present.
  • Galunggung (Beuticanar) – The summit is rarely-visited and so the trail is vague and overgrown. In June 2010, Gunung Bagging conducted an expedition along with Napak Rimba hiking club from Tasikmalaya to re-open the trail. It is currently marked from Telaga Bodas with yellow and blue string but is likely to become overgrown again soon.
  • Parang – The summit is in dense vegetation.
  • Kelud – The summit rocks require rock climbing skills – ropes are probably needed.
  • Liman – this remote mountain is difficult to reach given the terrain (rarely-used) and lack of local knowledge about what is a very complex range of peaks.
  • Lamongan (Tarub) – The summit is rarely visited and overgrown. In October 2008, local hiking enthusiast Pak Iwan Erfanto led what was one of only a handful of recent expeditions to the summit of Tarub from Klakah via Lamongan, taking 4 days there and back. Gunung Bagging went to Tarub in January 2011 from Ranu Gedang.
  • Ijen (Merapi) – Whilst Ijen crater is very popular with visitors, the top of the massif, Gunung Merapi, is hardly ever visited. It is a great place – there are several sandy craters to explore. The highest point is covered in dense vegetation. Java Lava either reached the summit or got very close indeed in 2006 but since then most attempts have been thwarted by the density of the vegetation. However, two hikers reached the trig point which marks the true peak in 2013.
  • Baluran – This mountain peak is very rarely visited and there is only a vague trail through the dense forest. You need to contact National Park staff well in advance to try to arrange local help.
  • Sumbing – The highest point of the crater rim is mildly difficult to reach. Confident scramblers should have no difficulty.
  • Raung – The highest point of the crater rim is difficult to reach. It requires a very long hike in and ropes for rock climbing.

Sulawesi:

  • Karangetang – The volcano is incredibly active and dangerous.
  • Tondongkarambu – Reaching the ridge of this mountain is easy enough from local villages. But the summit is about 4km away!

Sumatra:

  • Bukit Jempol – Only roped rock climbers dare attempt ascend the vertical summit cliffs.
  • Kaba – There is a great trail around the active double-crater. But the highest point of the massif appears to be in dense vegetation to the west.
  • Pangulubao – The trig pillar is visited at least once a year but the true highpoint likes 1.8km along a densely forested ridge from there.
  • Pantaicermin – A hunter’s trail snakes through the forest but misses out the true summit. You’d need several days to cut a fresh trail along to it.
  • Sibayak (Pintau) – The true summit of Pintau has apparently only been climbed once or twice.
  • Tujuh – The climb to the summit is very steep and has apparently only been climbed once or twice.

Maluku:

  • Salahutu – Although local hikers climb to a lesser nearby top, the highest peak of the range is rarely visited and if there is a trail it is likely to be very vague.

Nusa Tenggara Timur:

  • Curunumbeng – There appears to be no trail to the summit, at least not from the eastern side of the mountain.
  • Egon – The highest point of the crater rim is difficult to reach. It requires good scrambling skills over very exposed and slippery terrain. Rob Woodall made a complete circuit of the rim in August 2010 and Wolfgang Piecha reached the summit on a Java Lava trip in April 2009.

Kepulauan Riau

  • Daik – At present, nobody has reached the top of the mountain. Apparently it is a very difficult rock climb.

Papua:

  • Puncak Trikora – Ropes are needed for a rock climb at the very top.
  • Arfak (Umsini) – There is a current conflict between two neighbouring tribes which makes access to the peak rather difficult.
  • Puncak Jaya (Carstensz Pyramid) – Indonesia’s highest mountain is very expensive – especially for foreigners – and rock climbing skills are needed.