• Elevation: 1,764 m (5,787 ft)
  • Prominence: 1,041 m
  • Ribu category: Kurang Tinggi
  • Province: Jawa Barat (West Java)
  • Google Earth: kml
  • Rating: 1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (8 votes) Add your rating
  • Other names: none.


Bagging It!

This infrequently climbed mountain can be climbed from several places. By far the best route for the summit – known locally as Karantenan – starts at the small village of Tembong (929m) which lies to the north of the peak, a few kilometres south of Panjalu and Situ Lengkong lake. Ask around in the friendly village and they will be able to find you a guide to take you to the top for a very reasonable fee. If you aren’t Indonesian they will definitely be surprised to see you!

Regular hikers can be at the summit in just over two hours, but there are couple of places you could go wrong near the beginning. Follow the cobbled track leading up the hillside and make sure you take a left turn at 1,000m rather than carrying on up the hillside and into long grass. The trail leads through pine woodland and the usual farm plantation but in clear weather conditions there are some excellent views of Ciremai to the north. There is a short section of undergrowth before you see a log hut above you to your right. Just beyond this hut, views are even more impressive, not just Ciremai but also smaller Tampomas to the north-west.

The trail enters the forest at 1,265m and passes several regional boundary markers (DB8 at 1,285m, DB10 at 1,314m and DB12 at 1,360m). At 1,390m there are some large rocks on the trail and an obvious spot where occasional local hikers spend the night. Best not camp alone as there are leopards in the mountains here and the trails can become very confusing if you take a wrong turn.

The final 30 minutes of hiking to the summit is steeper and there are few views due to the density of the forest. Near the top are a couple of water pools and a small upright stone (supposedly an ancient grave) and the very highest point is a grassy area just above the water pools. This, the highest of the Sawal range’s peaks at 1,764m, is known locally as Karantenan.

You may be able to glance north towards more shapely yet smaller peaks in the Sawal mountain range such as the more commonly climbed Gunung Bongkok (1,429m – spelt ‘Bangkok’ on the Bakosurtanal map) near Tasikmalaya.

The mountain can also be climbed from Tabraya (‘Kertabaya’ on Bako maps) just 1km to the west of Tembong. From here, plantation tracks lead quickly into the dense forest. There are numerous ‘summits’ of a very similar height (1,739m and 1,727m spot heights on the Bako map but with no names) stretching along a crescent-shaped and enjoyably narrow ridge for over two kilometres but getting to the highest point is very tricky from here due to the complexity of the layout of the mountain ridges. The Tembong approach is definitely the one to take for the summit.

About 20 kilometres north-west of Gunung Sawal is another range with a similar height, equally obscure, known as Gunung Cakrabuana. According to the Bakosurtanal map, the highest peak is 1,732m (known as Puncak Sanghyang Wenang to locals), which gives the mountain a prominence of approximately 950 metres, so not that far off Ribu-status! Apparently there are no water sources on the main trails and quite a few leeches! It can be hiked from Bunar and Pangkalan (Pagerageung) on the west side of the highest ridge, Cakrawati, Lemah Putih on the north-east side, or from Kebun Teh Cipasung Lemahsugih (Cipasung Lemahsugih Tea Plantation) on the east side. The Pangkalan and Cipasung routes meet on the ridge at what is known as Puncak Kancana about two kilometres south-east of the true summit. From here, follow the main ridge from Kancana to the true peak. 

Bagging information by Daniel Quinn

Trail Map

Peta Jalur Pendakian Gunung Sawal
For a high quality PDF version of this and other trail maps, please download from our Trail Maps page.


    • Getting there: From Jakarta, there are two choices. First, take the toll road to Bandung and continue beyond to the end of the toll at Cileunyi. Follow signs to Tasikmalaya but turn off to Panjalu before Tasikmalaya. Primajasa buses to Tasikmalaya leave from Jakarta’s Lebak Bulus and Cililitan bus depot frequently during the day. The second choice for drivers is to go via the north coast toll road towards Cirebon, turning off before Cirebon and heading to Situ Lengkong via Jatiwangi and Majalengka. The nearest train station is Ciawi but far fewer trains stop there compared to Tasikmalaya and Cipeundeuy.
    • Accommodation: There are several hotels in Tasikmalaya.
    • Guides and GPS Tracks: Want a PDF version for your phone? Looking for a guide? Need GPS tracks and waypoints? Gunung Sawal information pack can be downloaded here.
    • Permits: Not required but take a photocopy of your passport photo page just incase.
    • Water sources: There are several small rivers on the mountain, but reaching them would require a considerable detour.
    • Travel insurance: We recommend World Nomads insurance, which is designed for adventurous travellers with cover for overseas medical, evacuation, baggage and a range of adventure sports and activities including mountain hiking.

Local Average Monthly Rainfall (mm):


Origins and Meaning

Sawal or Shawwal is the tenth month of the Arabic-Islamic calendar. It is the month after the fasting month of Ramadhan, so it opens with the festivities and celebration of Idul Fitri that mark the end of the Fast. It is possible that Gunung Sawal may have had an older name that reflected Hindu or pagan culture, and this name was replaced by the more positive, celebratory Islamic name “Sawal” when the people of the surrounding region converted to Islam. Compare Gunung Slamet. (George Quinn, 2011)

7 thoughts on “Sawal

  1. Excellent article here from a great writer, concerning pre-Islamic artefacts in Kawali just a few km to the east of Gunung Sawal. This region seems to have been a very important place during the time of the Hindu Galuh Kingdom, and almost certainly has links to the pool and ancient grave at the top of Sawal’s highest peak known locally as Karantenan. Kawali is likely to be worth a visit for those with an extra couple of hours before or after the hike.

  2. At March 2017 the Natural Resources Conservation Center of Indonesia (BKSDA) installing 20 IP cameras and 11 of the 20 existing camera captures leopard there.
    I’m living in Ciamis City, about 2 hours to the reach nearest village.

  3. Directions for driving to Tembong.

    You need first to get to Panjalu, which is served by excellent roads from west (Bandung-Tasikmalaya) and east (Ciamis).

    The turn off from the Bandung-Tasikmalaya road is opposite an Indomaret in the village of Pamoyanan. If you’re coming from Bandung, it’s 13km after Malangbong. If you’re coming from Tasikamalaya, it’s 4km after Ciawi. After turning off the highway it’s 14km to Panjalu.

    Starting from Ciamis, the nearest town with hotel accommodation, you follow the main road toward Kuningan for 21km. Just after Kawali there’s a signed turn off to Panjalu, which is a further 13km along a scenic road through rice paddies.

    In the center of Panjalu there’s a crossroads with an Alfamart beside it. Take the small road heading south toward the mountain. Coming from the west it’s just past the Situ Lengkong car park; coming from Ciamis it’s just past the alun alun.

    From the crossroads to Tembong is 4km along a road which is potholed but passable even for a sedan. There are three left turns so you’ll need to ask the way frequently.

    Pak Ujang (hp: 085320314160), who lives at the east end of the village, is an experienced and recommendable guide.

    I found this a very pleasant forest hike, which would make a gentle training workout before tackling bigger mountains like Ciremai or Slamet. Pity there isn’t a 360 degree view from the summit as the landscape looking north on the way up was quite lovely.

    We didn’t see any leopards, but there were monkeys, and also a snake lying in the path at one point.

    Situ Lengkong is a good site to unwind after the hike with a cup of tea overlooking the lake.

  4. According to local people, the answer is definitely yes. I’ve never seen any myself but there are plenty of ‘big cats’ on Javan mountains. Whether or not these are specifically leopards I am not sure.

  5. I am very surprised about the presence of leopards on the javanese mountains (volcanos)

    Can you please confirm that.

    Thanks in advance

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *