// Raung

Facts

Elevation: 3,332 m (10,932 ft) Prominence: 3,069 m
Ribu category: Google MarkerSangat Tinggi Province: Jawa Timur (East Java)
Google Earth: kml Other names:
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Eruptions: 1586, 1593, 1597, 1638, 1730, 1804, 1812-15, 1817, 1838, 1849, 1859-60, 1864, 1881, 1885, 1890, 1896-97, 1902-03, 1913, 1915-17, 1921, 1924, 1927-29, 1933, 1936-41, 1943-45, 1953, 1955-56, 1971, 1973-78, 1982, 1985, 1987-91, 1993-95, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2004-05, 2007-08, 2012-13

Photos

RaungNext »
The crater of Gunung Raung, seen from an early morning flight (Dan Quinn, December 2013)The crater of Gunung Raung, seen from an early morning flight (Dan Quinn, December 2013)
The crater of Gunung Raung, seen from an early morning flight (Dan Quinn, December 2013)
Eruption of Gunung Raung (unknown photographer, 1913) Courtesy TropenMuseum ArchivesEruption of Gunung Raung (unknown photographer, 1913) Courtesy TropenMuseum Archives
Eruption of Gunung Raung (unknown photographer, 1913) Courtesy TropenMuseum Archives
Raung in the distance, seen from near Sumberwringin (Daniel Quinn, July 2011)Raung in the distance, seen from near Sumberwringin (Daniel Quinn, July 2011)
Raung in the distance, seen from near Sumberwringin (Daniel Quinn, July 2011)
Near the start of the trail to Gunung Raung (Daniel Quinn, July 2011)Near the start of the trail to Gunung Raung (Daniel Quinn, July 2011)
Near the start of the trail to Gunung Raung (Daniel Quinn, July 2011)

English

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Bagging It!

Route to summit

At over 2 kilometres in diameter, Gunung Raung has the largest crater in Java. It’s one of the most remote and least climbed of the 3000-metre plus peaks which means that there isn’t much litter on the trail and it really is a mountain to escape from civilization for a while. Lots of people do see the immense and impressive crater from the air as it is on the flight route from Java to Bali. Raung last erupted in 2008 but there hasn’t been a catastrophic eruption for many decades. It is worth looking at the excellent old photos of the 1913 eruption which are available online.

Whilst reaching the true highest point of Raung crater rim requires a lengthy expedition involving roped rock climbing, the most popular route to the rim itself is from the north at Sumberwringin, where accommodation, guides and porters can be arranged. From the actual starting point, strong hikers could reach the rim in just over 7 hours, requiring about 5 hours to descend.

From Sumberwrigin (729m), it’s a 40 minute ojek or truck ride to the starting point in pine forest (1,206m). There are a couple of forks in the path near the start so a guide is a very good idea indeed. It is a long trail, but not especially demanding as the gradient is, for the most part, rather gentle. Raung itself is still quite some distance off, so the trail is actually very pleasant and gentle and it slowly leads you higher up the mountainside up through wild vegetation and scattered pine woodland. Look out for long-tailed black monkeys in this area. There is a nice spot to sit and rest for a while next to a cement trig (1,806m).

In the distance to the right (west) you should be able to see the large mountain of Argopuro rising above the clouds. To the left (east) is a smaller mountain called Gunung Suket, a nice shapely peak just a few kilometres from Raung itself. There are several spots to camp on the trail, but none of them are large enough for more than about 5 tents. They are also on slightly sloping ground. The best two are at 2,337m (no views but warmer) and 2,807m (colder but excellent sunset views over Argopuro). The latter is just 15 minutes from the treeline and would be ideal for anyone wishing to climb to the rim for sunrise.

At the treeline there is a small memorial (2,954m) presumably to someone who perished on the mountain. From here to the rim is about an hour of clambering up steep, bare volcanic rock. It’s pretty easy to climb up this way, but coming down you will probably need to use you hands in a few places to prevent slips and falls. To your left, between Suket and the side of Raung you might be able to spot the massif of Ijen-Merapi pushing through the clouds and the smaller mountain of Baluran inbetween.

Finally you will reach the edge of the crater rim (3,180m) and be rewarded with absolutely stunning views over the vertical crater walls. Take care here as a fall would mean certain death! The caldera is massive, and in the centre is a deep crater, approximately 400 metres across, which sometimes spews gas and rocks. The true highest point of Raung can be seen on the other side of the rim, over to the right (west). It is pretty much impossible to reach the peak from this side but you should be content with what is one of Java’s most amazing panoramas.

The true highest point of the crater rim, Puncak Sejati, is very difficult to reach and requires an expedition team who are confident with rock climbing and using ropes. Perhaps once a year a team from one of Indonesia’s universities attempts to reach the true peak. Below is some information from a Java Lava forum regarding how best to tackle the tricky top itself:

The first route, employed by OEC Surabaya, is thru Kalibaru Village. This route is considered more difficult than Glenmore route (see below). After the vegetation border, climber should reached Wates Peak first, go down, traversing 50 meter / 164 foot cliff wall, and then semi-scrambling on loose-rock slope to reach the summit. Most of the routes after the vegetation border is about 40-70 degree slopes on the loose-rock ground. Water is also difficult to find on this route, so it must be prepared and carried along from the base. The whole route from Kalibaru to the summit is said to be 17.6 Km /10.9 miles long.

Glenmore Village is starting point for the second route and was done by reaching the Glenmore Peak (3227 meters /10587 feet) first which is situated on the east of the main summit. When OEC-UI made their route, they did it by traversing the crater rim from the Glenmore Peak to the main summit which is located in the west of it. Horizontal length between the two peaks is less than 1 Km/ 0.621 mile, but it was said to take whole day to accomplish and most of it was done by crawling. The terrifying factors here is the vertical drop down to the crater 500 meters / 1,640 feet below on the right side and the 40-70 degrees slippery sand-loose-rock slope on the left side. But according to the hikers, this route is easier compared to Kalibaru route, as it is easier to find water along the way.

It is also encouraged to bring along climbing gear as the characterisitic of the southern side is exactly the same as the northern side i.e. sand and loose rock. Rope 50 meters / 164 feet, harness, figure eight, long pegs, (ice) axe were among the essential gear to have.”

Bagging information by Daniel Quinn

Practicalities

Getting there The nearest major airport is Surabaya and it’s a long, long drive. It can take anywhere between 5 and 9 hours. There is a small airport at Ketapang (Banyuwangi) but there are only very limited flights. From Bondowoso, head towards Wonosari before turning up towards Sumberwringin itself.
Accommodation Basic accommodation available at Sumberwringin. A wider range of places can be found at nearby Ijen.
Permits No major issues here – you may need to pay a small fee at Sumberwringin.
Water sources There is no water available on the usual crater rim route from Sumberwringin so it’s vital that you take enough with you.
Recommended Hotel:
Local Average Monthly Rainfall (mm): banyuwangi

Location

Origins and Meaning

The Roaring Mountain. To the best of my knowledge raung is not a standard Javanese word, so it comes either from the regional dialect of East Java, or from Malay-Indonesian or from Madurese. In any case its meaning is clear: “to roar loudly” referring to the noise emitted by the volcano during eruptions. (George Quinn, 2011)

Links and References

Wikipedia English
Wikipedia Indonesia

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Trip Reports and Comments

10 entries for “Raung”

  1. avatar

    I uploaded the track of the Sumberwringin approach on http://www.openstreetmap.org

    Posted by Thomas Ulrich | October 16, 2010, 00:51
  2. avatar

    Some extra detailed info courtesy of Teddy and Juri…

    Approached by angkot from Bondowoso to Gerda Atak (3000 Rp, on Situbondo road) and by another angkot from Gerda Atak junction to Sumberwringin (5000 Rp, beware of overcharging). Base Camp is located in Sumberwringin village in a futuresque, round building with friendly stuff, the only exception being, that room prices are fixed by the authorities to ridiculous 150 000 Rp (double, WC outside). However, there is a small house nearby, where they might let you sleep for free, in case of unwillingness to inhabit same mentioned rooms. Distance to trailhead is 7 km and ojek price is standard at 30 000 Rp. The right fork before the antenna is about 300 m from Base Camp and after that one continues on the good asphalt road for another 2 km. There you take the left fork into a cobbled, bumpy road (small sign) for another 4 km through forrest and agricultural land. Ignore the small junctions on left and right and follow the cobbled main road.There is one more junction before the trailhead, where you can either turn left (don’t do it), turn right (and stay on the cobbled road) or go straight forward through the forrest (a shortcut, which after 10-15 minutes meets the road again). 10 minutes along the road lead you to the parking lot, which is the trailhead at around 1250 masl (sign – puncak). After you hit the trail, it is easy to follow. Stay on the main path through the agricultural land on the lower slopes and eventhough it gets overgrown at some places higher up (for short distances), i could not observe anymore forks and places with lots of options or question marks. There is absolutely no water on this north route, except the dew at morning time. Camp place (Pos 4) at 2350 masl is big enough for lots of tents and even has the remnants of a wooden shelter, but in case of sufficient time and willingness – the landscape and the views are far superior at 2800 masl (no real Pos numbering sign, but big enough for 3-4 tents), short distance below the tree line. A night here would be the preferable option also for a sunrise glimpse from the crater area next morning.

    Posted by Dan | July 13, 2011, 07:15
  3. avatar

    I posted this report on Raung, including how to get there, on the Lonely Planet Thorntree back in 2008.

    http://www.lonelyplanet.com/thorntree/thread.jspa?threadID=1670088

    Posted by Mauricio | August 5, 2011, 16:19
  4. Posted by Dan | October 23, 2012, 12:34
  5. avatar

    Anybody knows if G Raung is open for hiking now?

    Posted by Handjono | March 16, 2013, 21:50
  6. avatar

    Hi,

    As this is my first comment on gunungbagging.com, I’d like, fist of all, to thank and congratulate Dan for the great and useful website.

    I climbed Gunung Raung a few days ago. I arrived to Raung Camp in Sumberwringin at 3pm and after register went the 7km to the trailhead by ojek (50.000). I started to walk at 4pm and reached the camp named as waypoint “cement trig” at 1800m after 2/2.5 hours and having walked the last part with a headlamp.

    After spending the night there, I walked 3 more hours to the crater on the next day (taking only a small backpack with water and snacks)and after some time for pictures and enjoying the view I walked down to the “cement trig” packed and walked all the way down to Raung Camp in Sumberwringin.

    The path going to Gunung Raung is one of the most “uncomfortable” I have ever hiked. Grass overgrown on the path, fallen trees, branches that continuously hit your head, arms, legs… hook your clothes etc, and make impossible the use of hiking poles.

    To me camping in the “cement trig” was the best option, as after having seen the path that continues up to the summit, it would be very uncomfortable to walk that part with a big backpack.

    I brought with me 6 liters of water for the 24h that took me to go and back and 2 more liters would have been better.

    As said before, this path seems to not to be much used and it is clean compared to other hikes in Indonesia. Please keep it clean, bring a 500ml empty bottle with you to use as a garbage bin. All your food wraps, even the part you tear off, cigarette butts, tissue after going to “toilet”, batteries, etc can fit in there… you would be surprised. And avoid cans and other food “containers” that you cannot put inside the bottle unless you take them back with you. Please avoid increasing the amount of litter in Indonesia’s beautiful Nature.

    Posted by Pedro | September 22, 2013, 10:13

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