- Elevation: 1,484 m (4,869 ft)
- Prominence: 1,401 m
- Ribu category: Kurang Tinggi
- Province: Nusa Tenggara Timur
- Google Earth: kml
- Other names: none
Ili Mandiri is well-known in the area, providing the delightful backdrop to the port town of Larantuka, but it is not often climbed. Due to how infrequently they are explored, the summit ridges remain dense with plant life and tall trees and therefore the views are not quite as panoramic as on neighbouring mountains such as Ili Ape, Ili Boleng and Lewotobi. However, it remains a rewarding, if occasionally tough, hike for those who wish to spend an extra day in Larantuka and do something a little different.
The best route up is from the village of Riang Kemie (elevation 217m), which is about 15 kilometres from Larantuka. The best thing to do is peak to the enthusiastic Kepala Desa, Anton, who should be able to find you one or two of the strongest farmers to lead you up to the top (and do a bit of deer and boar hunting en-route). There are two main ridges leading up to top main peaks which lie just a few hundred metres apart from each other. The best route from Riang Kemie is to skirt the side of the mountain through cashew nut plantations, climb to the higher top first and then make a circuit out of it by reaching the lower peak and then descending a rather overgrown ridge directly back to Riang Kemie.
For the first hour, the trail barely ascends the mountain at all, but the views of a rarely seen side of Ili Mandiri are very attractive indeed. After an hour you will reach a rock bed (247m), which locals believe was created during a tsunami, although it seems more likely that this is an ancient lava bed from many thousands of years ago when Ili Mandiri was still active. The rock bed is followed up the hillside for 30 minutes before an unmarked, and easily missed minor track (434m) leads up to the left and onto an overgrown ridge (483m). From here you can see the ocean glittering in the distance and may be able to spot Larantuka airport down below. This is a hot place to be in the morning sun, so take is steadily up the ridge.
To the right you will see the steep cliff walls below the two summits of the mountain. Luckily the hiking route does not involve and ridiculously steep ascent work – it’s just the usual Indonesian mountain hike – but much more overgrown! Rocks, long grass and old branches clutter the hillside. It is at this point that, if your guides have brought their dogs out hunting with them, you will hear ‘rusa’ (deer) and ‘babi hutan’ (wild pigs) being chased by the farm dogs. There are apparently hundreds of deer living on this mountain and it is one of the primary food sources for the villagers.
After another hour and a bit, you will have reached what feels like a summit ridge. It is – sort of – but you still have a few hundred metres of ascent ahead of you. Down to the left, a long way down, is Larantuka town. When you do finally reach the summit you will see it is crowned with a tiny cement pillar with P47 on it. This is the true peak of Ili Mandiri – a mountain that is only ‘bagged’ perhaps once every couple of years. It should have taken you about 4 and a half hours to reach this point (including one hours just skirting round the mountain’s base). Some reports suggest that Ili Mandiri erupted in the early 1980s. There may have been some very minor volcanic activity, but it would appear that this mountain has been dormant for a long period of time. Please let us know if you know otherwise.
The second highest top (1,448m) lies further along to the north and arguably offers better views. From the second top, the ridge leads straight back down to the village but, unfortunately, it’s very rough and overgrown in places. On the positive side, views of Ile Boleng on Adonara island are at their best here. It should take about 3 hours to get back down to the village from the highest peak via the second highest. But make sure you tell your guides to stop at the cluster of coconut palms just before the plantation tracks so that you can enjoy a refreshing ‘kelapa muda’ or two in celebration!
Bagging report by Dan Quinn (August 2013).
For a high quality PDF version of this and other trail maps, please download from our Trail Maps page.
- Getting there: Larantuka is 3 hours by car from Maumere. Larantuka has a small airport with regional flights (i.e to/from Kupang).
- Guides and GPS Tracks: Want a PDF version for your phone? Looking for a guide? Need GPS tracks and waypoints? Ili Mandiri information pack can be downloaded here.
- Permits: None required but take a photocopy of your passport photo page just incase.
- Water sources: None available – take sufficient supplies with you.
Local Average Monthly Rainfall (mm):
Origins and Meaning
‘Mandiri’ means independent or autonomous in Javanese. So, “Independent Mountain” might be a reasonable translation.