- Elevation: 1,265 m (4,150 ft)
- Prominence: 1,022 m
- Ribu category: Kurang Tinggi
- Province: Jawa Timur (East Java)
- Google Earth: kml
- Other names: none
The relatively small, dormant volcano of Baluran is located in Baluran National Park on the extreme NE tip of Java. Being in a rain shadow, the region is extremely dry with an African savannah atmosphere. The mountain lies NW from Banyuwangi (the crossing point to Bali) and SE of Asembagus on the highway from Surabaya. Despite being a National Park and a relatively small mountain, the peak is rarely climbed. The track is probably overgrown and guides may be needed to cut the track. So you should arrange the climb well in advance.
The last reported climb was by rangers in June 2009. Requests via email and SMS to hike to the summit in 2016 and 2017 were rejected with a response that the summit area is just for special research interests only. You can try phoning or texting the Park on 082332213114. Good luck with getting a positive response!
The highest peak (some say Gunung Aleng at 1,256 m though the Bakosurtanal map suggests otherwise with a southern peak at 1,265 m) is (or would be) climbed from the western side starting at Karang Tekok (aka, Sumber Waru). This is the last village along the highway from the west, i.e. the Surabaya side, and 12 kms after Asembagus before ascending into teak plantations in the foothills of G. Baluran. The Karang Tekok villagers traditionally collect forest products (i.a., kemiri nuts, honey) from within the Gunung Baluran complex and know the mountain well. They are probably the most experienced in acting as guides. (We say ‘probably’ because we have not yet climbed the mountain from Karang Tekok.)
A permit to enter the Park (and to climb the peak) should be negotiated/obtained from the Baluran National Park office at the main entrance to the park at Batangan, 35 kms from Banyuwangi, or 21 kms from Karang Tekok. PT Perhutani, the state-owned forestry company, manages the teak plantations on the western side of the mountain. You may also wish to enquire with guides at Karang Tekok and/or PT Perhutani officers about permits.
The trail leads through teak plantation and then through increasingly dense forest to the crater rim. Apparently the trail is overgrown and faint and may require a whole day to reach the summit because of the need to cut the trail; therefore an overnight camp maybe necessary. Although the peak is not particularly high, in clear weather you can see the islands of Madura and Bali from the peak.
Because hiking access is not easy to obtain without a scientific project, most visitors to the Park remain near the coastline and enjoy the views of the mountain from the very popular Bekol viewpoint and searching with rangers for rare wildlife at dawn and dusk.
Bagging information by Daniel Quinn (2010), updated by Nick Hughes (October 2012) and Dan Quinn (May 2020).
For a high quality PDF version of this and other trail maps, please download from our Trail Maps page.
- Getting there: Buses from Banyuwangi and Asembagus, or you could hire a car (expensive here).
- Guides and GPS Tracks: Want a PDF version for your phone? Looking for a guide? Need GPS tracks and waypoints? Gunung Baluran information pack can be downloaded here.
- Permits: From the Baluran National Park office at Batangan at the entrance to the Park.
- Water sources: Assume no water on the mountain; take sufficient supplies with you.
- Travel insurance: We recommend World Nomads insurance, which is designed for adventurous travellers with cover for overseas medical, evacuation, baggage and a range of adventure sports and activities including mountain hiking.
Local Average Monthly Rainfall (mm):
Origins and Meaning
(not clear). There might be two possibilities. (i) A nearby settlement was a place where balur fish were raised, or possibly belut fish (a kind of eel). With the addition of the suffix –an to balur or belut this comes to mean “a place where balur fish are raised”. The nearby mountain is referred to by the name of the settlement. (ii) Possibly balur is a variant of balut, an Old Javanese word meaning “veiled in mist, like a beautifully misty-eyed woman on the verge of tears”. (George Quinn, 2011)