|Elevation:||1,265 m (4,150 ft)||Prominence:||1,022 m|
|Ribu category:||Kurang Tinggi||Province:||Jawa Timur (East Java)|
|Google Earth:||kml||Other names:|
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The relatively small, dormant volcano of Baluran is located in Baluran National Park on the extreme NE tip of Java. Being in a rain shadow, the region is extremely dry with an African savannah atmosphere. The mountain lies NW from Banyuwangi (the crossing point to Bali) and SE of Asembagus on the highway from Surabaya. Despite being a National Park and a relatively small mountain, the peak is rarely climbed. The track is probably overgrown and guides may be needed to cut the track. So you should arrange the climb well in advance. The last reported climb was by rangers in June 2009.
The highest peak, Gunung Aleng (1,256 m), is climbed from the western side starting at Karang Tekok (aka, Sumber Waru). This is the last village along the highway from the west, i.e. the Surabaya side, and 12 kms after Asembagus before ascending into teak plantations in the foothills of G. Baluran. The Karang Tekok villagers traditionally collect forest products (i.a., kemiri nuts, honey) from within the Gunung Baluran complex and know the mountain well. They are probably the most experienced in acting as guides. (We say ‘probably’ because we have not yet climbed the mountain from Karang Tekok.)
A permit to enter the Park (and to climb the peak) should be obtained from the Baluran National Park office at the main entrance to the park at Batangan, 35 kms from Banyuwangi, or 21 kms from Karang Tekok. PT Perhutani, the state-owned forestry company, manages the teak plantations on the western side of the mountain. You may also wish to enquire with guides at Karang Tekok and/or PT Perhutani officers about permits.
The trail leads through teak plantation and then through increasingly dense forest to the crater rim. Apparently the trail is overgrown and faint and may require a whole day to reach the summit because of the need to cut the trail; therefore an overnight camp maybe necessary. Although the peak is not particularly high, in clear weather you can see the islands of Madura and Bali from the peak.
Bagging information by Daniel Quinn (2010), updated by Nick Hughes (October 2012)
Origins and Meaning
(not clear). There might be two possibilities. (i) A nearby settlement was a place where balur fish were raised, or possibly belut fish (a kind of eel). With the addition of the suffix –an to balur or belut this comes to mean “a place where balur fish are raised”. The nearby mountain is referred to by the name of the settlement. (ii) Possibly balur is a variant of balut, an Old Javanese word meaning “veiled in mist, like a beautifully misty-eyed woman on the verge of tears”. (George Quinn, 2011)